Outlook: A Quarterly Newsletter of the Society of Behavorial Medicine
Summer 2009
annual meeting header


Francis J. Keefe, PhD
Francis J. Keefe, PhD

Behavioral Medicine: Building for Our Future Through Career Development

One of the key initiatives that I have for my year as SBM President is to see what we as a society can do to help our members in their career development. Traditionally, the target of career development efforts has been students and SBM members who are early in their careers. However, it is becoming increasingly apparent that many SBM members do not follow conventional career paths, e.g. starting as a researcher or a clinician and following that trajectory throughout one's career. Career paths are becoming increasingly varied with individuals switching and combining different career goals at different points along their career trajectory. This means that as a professional society, we need to consider ways of addressing career development issues that arise across the entire career trajectory of our members. Given the diverse expertise and opportunities for the field of behavioral medicine, I think that in the future these novel career trajectories are likely to become the norm, rather than the exception.

As behavioral medicine builds for the future, it faces important challenges that will require many of us to seek out and master new career skills. For instance, novel technologies are emerging that make it much easier to collect, store, and communicate a wide range of health-related information. For example, computer hardware such as tablet PC's continue to get lighter and more powerful. The interfaces are becoming more fluid so that users can interact with them in a more natural and intuitive fashion. For example, in an educational or therapy session crude diagrams and related cursive text can be hand drawn on a tablet PC and converted in real time to more formal presentation (diagrams now have straight lines, text now in block letters) and modified easily either by scribbling over things to erase them or using drag and drop methods (see for example: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1-Hcz1DKfdo). The end result of this and other developments in hardware technologies is that they are becoming easier to integrate into clinical and research settings. Improvements in software, such as data visualization technology, make sophisticated visual approaches accessible to many more people (see for example: http://www.tableausoftware.com/). This development is important in that it can enable behavioral medicine specialists, patients, and the public to easily understand and interpret large amounts of health-related data (e.g. daily diary data on symptoms and mood collected over weeks with a PDA). It is important that SBM members be aware of cutting edge technologies and understand how to incorporate them into their own career development.

Over the past 10 years, we have also witnessed rapid advances in knowledge in the basic biobehavioral sciences as well as health policy and clinical arenas. The interdisciplinary nature of behavioral medicine requires that we keep abreast of these advances since they are likely to influence the work that we do. Finally, there is heightened recognition of the injustice of health disparities and growing interest among those working in the field of behavioral medicine in efforts to reduce these disparities. Addressing this pressing issue will require that many learn and master new skills (e.g., skills in public education and advocacy.)

In addition to helping our members keep abreast of new knowledge and master new skills, we need to think more about how we can help prepare and support our members through key career transition points (e.g., moving from a graduate program into clinical practice, obtaining one's first R01 grant or getting a grant renewed for the first time). SBM currently has a pool of members at all stages of their careers who could serve as a rich resource for each other with regards to such career development issues. We also have the venue of our Annual Meeting where we have already begun to address these issues through special symposia and presentations. Our new translational journal (Translational Behavioral Medicine: Practice, Policy, Research) can also provide novel opportunities for publishing articles addressing career development issues. Also, we could explore in more depth liaisons with other professional and scientific organizations that might further our goals in this area. Finally, as a society we could increase our understanding and input into national policies with regard to what needs to be done on a national level to ensure that there are appropriate training opportunities to prepare individuals for these new career trajectories. In sum, there are a lot of possible strategies SBM could pursue and, as a society, we likely want to consider and weigh the full range of options.

To facilitate this process, I have established a special Working Group on Career Trajectories in Behavioral Medicine. I am delighted that Lisa Klesges, Bev Thorn, Laura Porter, Karen Oliver, Tamara Somers, and Ken Wallston have agreed to serve on the Working Group. I will also actively participate in the Working Group. The Working Group will focus on two tasks: 1) Identifying key career trajectories that are likely to be part of behavioral medicine's future and identifying the key transition points, and 2) Pinpointing specific strategies that SBM could use to help prepare and support our members to gain the knowledge and skills needed to pursue their career goals. The tasks outlined above represent a suggested starting point and the group is likely to want to modify and change these as they talk. The Working Group will hold a series of meetings over the next year. They will generate a report that I am confident can serve to guide SBM's career development efforts in the coming years.

As you have followed your own career path you have likely learned important lessons about career development that could be of benefit to other SBM members. You also may have suggestions on how SBM could enhance its career development activities. The Working Group could benefit from your wisdom and experience. As the group addresses these issues, it is important that we hear from you. I hope you will email me (keefe003@mc.duke.edu) with a list of suggestions, recommendations, and lessons learned on career development. These emails will be forwarded to the Working Group for their consideration.

In closing, I would like to thank each of you for the opportunity to serve you as President. It is an honor and a pleasure. As you are probably aware, the focus on new career trajectories outlined above fits well the theme for our upcoming annual meeting: "Behavioral Medicine: Building for the Future". I look forward to seeing you in Seattle.

Congratulations to the following 2009 Society of Behavioral Medicine Achievement Awards recipients!

Distinguished Scientist: James A. Blumenthal, PhD

Distinguished Scientist
James A. Blumenthal, PhD**

Early Career Investigator: Maria Kangas, PhD

Early Career Investigator
Maria Kangas, PhD**

Distinguished Mentor

Excellence in Behavioral Medicine
Training Program

Clinical Health Psychology Postdoctoral
Fellowship Program at Wilford Hall Medical Center
Ann Hryshko-Mullen, PhD ABPP**

Outstanding Dissertation

Outstanding Dissertation
Kelly P. Arbour, MSc, PhD**

Distinguished Mentor
Martita A. Lopez, PhD*
Judith K. Ockene, PhD, MEd*

Distinguished Student Awards

Distinguished Student Awards

Travel Scholarship
Delesha L. Carpenter, MSPH**

Distinguished Student Awards

Travel Scholarship
Heather Prayor-Patterson, MA**

Distinguished Student Awards

Excellence in Research
Adam Gonzalez, BA**

Distinguished Student Awards

Excellence in Research
Sarah E. Linke, BA, MS**

Distinguished Student Awards

Excellence in Research
Deborah Rosenthal, MA**

Distinguished Student Awards

Excellence in Service Delivery
Joseph P. Nimon, BS**

The Society of Behavioral Medicine recognizes the following individuals for their hard work and dedication to the Society.

Special Service

Distinguished Service
Phillip J. Brantley, PhD
Lora E. Burke, PhD, MPH, FAHA, FAAN
Susan M. Czajkowski, PhD
Amanda L. Graham, PhD
Peter G. Kaufmann, PhD
Sherry Pagoto, PhD
Jennifer Steel, PhD
Katharine E. Stewart PhD, MPH
Ken Wallston, PhD

Special Service

Special Service
Phillip J. Brantley, PhD
Jacqueline Dunbar-Jacob, PhD*
Jeffrey L. Goodie, PhD, ABPP
Amanda L. Graham, PhD
Paul B. Jacobsen, PhD
Ira S. Ockene, MD*
Barbara Resnick, PhD, CRNP, FAAN, FAANP*
Susan S. Woods, MD, MPH*

SBM congratulates the following recipients of these special awards given by the Special Interest Groups.

Cancer SIG
Suzanne M. Miller, PhD
Michael E. Stefanek, PhD

Child and Family Health SIG
The Student Award for Excellence in Child and Family Health Research
Kristin A. Long, MS

Complementary and Alternative Medicine SIG
CAM Investigator Research Award
Shamini Jain, MS
CAM Student Research Award
Fadel Zeidan, MA

Ethnic, Minority, and Multicultural Health SIG
Outstanding Student Abstract Awarded by the Ethnic, Minority, and Multicultural Health SIG
Caitlin Burditt, MA
Kysa Christie, MA

Multiple Health Behavior Change SIG
Patricia Castle, MA

Pain SIG
The Student Investigator Award
Valérie Poulin, BSc

Physical Activity SIG
Physical Activity SIG Student Research Award
Anca Gaston, MA

Spirituality and Health SIG
Early Investigator Spirituality and Health Research Award
Maureen R. Benjamins, PhD
Honorable Mention
Cheryl L. Holt, PhD
Amy B. Wachholtz, PhD

Student SIG
Student SIG Research Award
Anna Levin, BA
Jennifer Otten, MS, RD

Women's Health SIG
Outstanding Student Researcher in Women's Health Award
Anca Gaston, MA

* Not Pictured
**Also pictured Bonnie Spring, PhD, ABPP

2009 Annual Meeting

Sherry L. Pagoto, PhD

Montreal in Montreal, Quebec

The Palais des Congres de Montreal in Montreal, Quebec was the setting for the 30th Annual Meeting & Scientific Sessions of the Society of Behavioral Medicine (SBM) this past April. As SBM's first international meeting, it was a huge success with 1,249 attendees and more than 1,200 presentations.

The 2008 SBM President, Dr. Bonnie Spring, set the tone for the meeting with the theme, Behavioral Medicine: From Evidence to Practice and Policy, and a host of speakers followed suit, including Gordon Guyatt, MD, Caryn Lerman, PhD, C. Tracy Orleans, PhD, Wayne Katon, MD, and Delia Smith West, PhD. Attendees also had unique opportunities to learn ways to "think outside the box" about translational research from experts in networking science, medicine, technology, media, marketing, government, and industry. This year, SBM provided rich opportunities for attendees to learn how to expand the capacity to translate, implement, and disseminate behavioral medicine and its impact more broadly.

Montreal in Montreal, Quebec

Clinicians and researchers also had ample opportunities to acquire new skills via pre-conference seminars and training courses. If you have never participated in pre-conference activities at SBM, they provide an extraordinary opportunity for in-depth learning on topics in an interactive and stimulating context. In 2009, the Cancer, Complementary and Alternative Medicine, and Integrated Primary Care SIGs offered all day training courses. In addition to SIG-sponsored activities, an extensive range of half-day training seminars covered both analytic and clinical skills including calculating effect sizes, mixed linear modeling, and secondary data analyses of large public datasets, as well as problem solving therapy, cultural translation of clinical practices, obesity prevention interventions, and many others. Training opportunities are set to expand even further in future meetings; members and SIGs interested in contributing to the list of seminars and workshops should contact the Program Committee with their ideas!

Montreal in Montreal, Quebec

One of our priorities in planning the 2009 Annual Meeting was to increase the richness of the scientific and social interactions in poster sessions, given the wonderful opportunity they provide for networking, mentorship, and mingling. This task was made easier by the high quality of poster submissions. We also arranged for poster sessions to directly follow nearby Keynote lectures and we enhanced the ambiance by providing food, music, and libations. Poster sessions were extremely well-attended and we look forward to enhancing poster sessions further by expanding the number of exhibitors, strongly encouraging attendance by senior members, minimizing competing events, and yes, we'll keep the food coming!

Finally, the Annual Meeting cannot happen without the tremendous efforts of SBM membership. A special thanks goes out to all SBM members who contributed to the meeting as track chairs, reviewers, presenters, and attendees. If anyone is interested in becoming more involved in the Annual Meeting, you can volunteer to be an abstract reviewer by sending your name and a brief description of your expertise to the Program Committee.

For those of you who did not attend the 2009 meeting, here are some fun facts about the meeting:

  1. All conference attendees received reusable grocery bags.
  2. SBM Board members wore berets at the Presidential Reception to honor our French Canadian colleagues.
  3. Colin Milner, Master Panel speaker, gave an attendee a piggyback ride during his talk.
  4. If you string together titles of various sessions you can create this:

    For God's sake, what's going on down there in the barbershops, brothels, and bible ways? Will the yanks ever learn anything? It's all fun and games until everything is up in smoke, so let's meditate on this: get digital, Bypass the Blues, roll the dice, Live Well, ride a heat wave, get the kids on the move, and get yourself into ORBIT to reach the unreachable so you can go from disaster to WOW!

  5. Conference attendees devoured a 100 pound 30th Annual Meeting birthday cake in 30 minutes.

As 2009 Program Chair, it has been a sincere pleasure and honor to be involved in the planning of the SBM Annual Meeting. I am pleased to announce that the 2010 Annual Meeting Program Chair is Dr. Michael Diefenbach, Mount Sinai, School of Medicine, New York, and Program Co-Chair is Dr. Gary Bennett, Duke University. We hope that you enjoyed the 2009 Annual Meeting and that you plan to attend the 2010 Annual Meeting in Seattle, Washington. We welcome and encourage feedback and ideas about past and future meetings, so please send comments directly to the Program Committee. Very exciting plans are already in the works for 2010! See you in Seattle!

In Memoriam: Thomas G. Pickering

William Gerin, PhD, SBM Fellow

Our beloved colleague and friend, Tom Pickering, passed away May 14. Tom had been ill for the past several months, and the end was not unexpected. It was, as such endings go, peaceful and without pain. He leaves behind his wife Janet, and sons Robert and William.

I had the privilege of working closely with Tom for the greater part of the past three decades. He was, in fact, my post-doctoral mentor, and brought me into this field. His influence on me, and, more importantly, on the way we as a field think about the role of psychosocial factors in the development of hypertension, was, and continues to be, immense. His quiet insistence on assessment of blood pressure in the natural environment, getting it out of the clinic and the laboratory, have changed the standard for its assessment. For example, his seminal work in the study of white coat hypertension has had an impact on the way many primary care physicians and hypertension specialists regard clinic blood pressure measures. Changing the way medicine is practiced, to incorporate lessons from the field of behavioral medicine, is one of the major goals of the field, but is rarely realized. This was only one of the many areas in which Tom's influence changed the direction of the research and of the clinical translation.

In addition to his impact on the research, Tom's influence will be felt due to the many young - and often, not so young - researchers and physicians he has mentored over the years. Mostly, this was not a formal process; Tom said "no" to nobody who came seeking guidance. Whether they were officially connected with our lab carried no weight whatsoever. Tom was available to all comers.

Tom garnered a respect from his colleagues that is rare. He had a reputation for bravery and unorthodoxy in his ideas, and for meticulous and creative science. In addition, his demeanor, one of quiet courtesy and of forgiveness of the lack of such qualities in others, drew people to him, created the foundation for collaborations that spanned decades, and a range of content areas that would have represented productive careers for a platoon of investigators. There was not a researcher I ever met who was not, or would not have been, excited to work with him. Yet, underlying all this was a great humility and modesty. Losing Tom is a great personal loss for those of us who knew him, and for the field that he loved and inspired.

SBM Outlook Spotlight - Membership Council - Summer 2009

Brent Van Dorsten, PhD, Membership Council Chair

The Society of Behavioral Medicine's Membership Council is one of the five permanent councils and is charged with recruitment and retention of members. In accordance with the SBM mission statement, this is a multi-dimensional task focused on recruiting interdisciplinary members involved in a variety of clinical, research, administrative and educational pursuits. Additionally, this council is responsible for the evaluation of applications for membership, establishment of appropriate criteria for membership, for reviewing allegations of unethical conduct of members, and for recommending members for the status of Fellow subject to board approval. The current Membership Council is composed of the following members: Brent Van Dorsten, PhD (Chairperson), Lora E. Burke, PhD, MPH, FAHA, FAAN (Past Chair), Viktor E. Bovbjerg, PhD, MPH (Past Chair), Dean G. Cruess, PhD, Sherri Sheinfeld Gorin, PhD (Cancer SIG), Barbara Resnick, PhD, CRNP, FAAN, FAANP (SIG CHAIR), Robert Motl, PhD (Physical Activity SIG), Marcella H. Boynton, MA (Multiple Health Behavior Change SIG), Jeffrey L. Goodie, PhD, ABPP (Integrated Primary Care SIG), Sasha Fleary, MS (Student SIG) and Christina Psaros, MS (Women's Health SIG). The Membership Council attempts to represent multiple professional specialties and a subset of prominent Special Interest Groups (SIGs) among its members.

At the SBM annual meeting, the Membership Council sponsors a New Member Breakfast to provide orientation to new members regarding the myriad of opportunities available within the organization and to familiarize them with the array of SIG activities. The Membership Council also staffs a membership information booth to facilitate membership application for non-member meeting attendees. The Membership Council looks forward to collaborating with the SBM Program Committee and Executive Committee to develop creative strategies to increase local professional attendance at SBM's 31st Annual Meeting & Scientific Sessions in Seattle and retain the attendees as members.

In the current turbulent financial times being faced by academic, medical and practitioner professionals, the Membership Council requests the assistance of all SBM members to encourage our colleagues to remain members and to attract new members to serve our collective mission.

Call to Action:

  1. In conjunction with the Scientific and Professional Liaison Council, the Membership Council will participate in efforts to recruit new members via collaborative interactions with other professional organizations who share SBM's vision and initiatives.
  2. A "grass roots" recruitment effort is being designed to increase membership via asking current SBM members to send emails or call 2-5 personal colleagues who are not current SBM members to encourage them to renew membership or join anew. It is EVERY SBM member's challenge to recruit a colleague who might benefit from involvement to sustain our membership numbers and national visibility.
  3. The Membership Council will continue to investigate effective strategies to retain student members and post-doctoral fellow members as they transition from trainee to autonomous professional.

It is all about SIGs

Barbara Resnick, PhD, CRNP, FAAN, FAANP, SIG Council Chair

Society of Behavioral Medicine is the best kept secret among health care professions and our SIGS are the best kept secret within SBM. There are currently 17 SIGs:

  1. Aging
  2. Behavior Informatics
  3. Cancer
  4. Child and Family Health
  5. Complementary and Alternative Medicine
  6. Diabetes
  7. Ethnic Minority and Multicultural Health
  8. Evidence Based Behavioral Medicine
  9. Health Decision Making
  10. Integrated Primary Care
  11. Multiple Risk and Behavior Change
  12. Obesity and Eating
  13. Pain
  14. Physical Activity
  15. Spirituality and Health
  16. Student
  17. Women's Health

What is the purpose and focus of the SIGs?
The great news is there is not a single purpose or focus of the SIGs. Depending on the topical area, size, and age of the SIGs any variety of activities may occur. Some SIGs simply use the Annual Meeting as a time to address issues within their topical area, present together in a symposium, or address similar interests with regard to clinical work or research. Other SIGs have newsletters, have produced White Papers on critical issues related to Behavioral Medicine, and have written manuscripts and developed supplements. The opportunities are endless when bringing together a group of national experts in a specific area.

What is in it for YOU?
So, you may or may not be a member of a SIG, or you may or may not know you are a member of a SIG! What does SIG membership mean for you? Well, first you should understand that as you sign up for a SIG a small amount of your membership dues is allocated to that SIG.

Ten dollars from your membership dues are allocated as follows:

  1. $4 goes into a pool divided equally among all 17 SIGs (including the Student SIG).
  2. You have an opportunity to dedicate the remaining $6 to: 1 ($6), 2 ($3), or 3 ($2) SIGs of your choice.
  3. If you do not choose any SIG the money goes into a pool of money divided between SIGs equally.

So, take a stand in an area you have interest in and support that SIG.

Once you identify yourself with a SIG, you will get added to the SIG's Listserv and have the opportunity to share news, ask questions, explore controversial areas, or pull together others with expertise in similar areas.

My Vision and Hopes for SIGS in 2009-2010
My vision and hope related to the SIGS is directed to two areas: (1) Increasing the membership activity within each SIG; and (2) Increasing recognition of the SIGS and the expertise of the SIG members within SBM and externally among the entire health care field.

Increasing Membership and Activity of the SIGS
In the next year I will be working with the SIG chairs, the SBM Board and staff to encourage all SBM members to identify with at least one SIG and to engage in at least one SIG-related activity. This might be submitting a session for the Annual Meeting, sending out a note on the Listserv or participating in the development of a white paper. SIG Chairs will be encouraged to provide SIG members with a monthly update on SBM-related activities as relevant to the SIG and to encourage a three pronged SIG approach with activities focused around clinical practice, research, and policy.

Increasing Recognition of the Expertise of the SIGS
Increased information sharing will help to raise awareness of SIG activities throughout the entire SBM membership. Information will be shared through written formats in Outlook, on the SBM Web page and via emails, and ultimately in the new SBM Journal. For example, the Physical Activity SIG might develop guidelines or best practice approaches for how to implement a community based walking program and publish these in the new journal and/or on the web. At a national level, I hope to encourage and increase SIG involvement in informing health policy makers of the importance, utility, and potential cost savings of behavioral approaches to health care. For example, the Integrated Primary Care SIG might respond to, or make recommendations for the Finance Committee's "Proposals to Improve Patient Care and Reduce Health Care Costs." This type of response has the potential to increases national awareness of SBM and the expertise of the individual SIG. In addition, the SIGs will be encouraged to reach out and work with other organizations on topics of interest to both groups. For example, the Aging SIG will be working with the Geriatric Society of American (GSA) to support their Fun Run/Walk at the 2009 GSA annual meeting.

The SIG Solution
We are in the midst of a challenging economic recession in the United States. In addition, our health care system is in crisis and there is much opportunity to inform current policy makers of evidence based ways in which to improve health and decrease health care costs, particularly with regard to management of chronic illness. The expertise of the SIGs is critical to this important endeavor and we need to share that expertise with the entire SBM membership and among those outside the field of behavioral medicine. I encourage all SBM members again to align with a SIG and get to work on the SIG solution to our health care challenges during this important time.

Spirituality and Health SIG Update

Kevin S. Masters, PhD, Spirituality and Health SIG Chair

A few years ago I decided that I needed to be more specific in my area of research, so I determined that I would focus on projects involving religiousness/spirituality (R/S). It didn't take long before I became known locally as the guy who does R/S research; people began contacting me to help out with R/S work in their particular area. I soon discovered that I hadn't really limited my research at all. It turns out that R/S issues are pertinent to nearly every topic in behavioral medicine. Upon a moment's reflection, it became clear to me that this should have been obvious all along, because the constructs encompassed by R/S research are inherent in the people being studied, not the disease or illness process, and often take a place of central importance in their lives.

So, what's the point for you? One exciting aspect of our SIG is that we have members carrying out work in areas spanning the behavioral medicine spectrum. Just for fun I gave myself 30 seconds to jot down a list of topics of which I am aware there is significant work going on that integrates, even focuses on, R/S factors. I came up with the following: cardiovascular disease, cancer, prevention, coping with illness, HIV/AIDS, prayer and health, and immigrant health. Remember, I only had 30 seconds! If you haven't considered R/S in your area of work, I encourage you to do so. We have an active listserv and if you are searching for collaborators, this is an excellent place to post a message. Or you could attend one of our SIG functions at SBM's 31st Annual Meeting & Scientific Session in Seattle, WA.

Just what are these conference activities? The SIG annually hosts a breakfast roundtable. This is a terrific way to meet folks and find out what is happening in the world of spirituality and health. All present make introductions, briefly discuss their lines of work, and provide contact information for follow up. We recently started the tradition of holding a mid-day meeting where we invite one of our members to present his/her work but we are also sure to leave time for socializing. Members of our SIG regularly make presentations at SBM, and last year we held a symposium featuring the winner and those receiving honorable mention for our Early Investigator Award for Spirituality and Health Research. For the record, Maureen R. Benjamins, PhD from Sinai Urban Health Institute was our winner and honorable mention went to Cheryl L. Holt, PhD from University of Maryland and Amy B. Wachholtz, PhD, MDiv from University of Massachusetts Medical Center. The SIG also e-publishes a newsletter three times per year (contact Barbara A. Bremer, PhD at bab12@psu.edu if you would like to receive our newsletter or contribute to it). Our SIG ranks right in the middle in terms of size but we are way over the top in terms of fun and activity. We would love to have you join us. Feel free to contact me at kemaster@syr.edu or our chair-elect Crystal Park at crysdara@aol.com if you would like more information or simply want to make a contact. And remember the newsletter!

See you in Seattle!

A New Home for Diabetes Behavioral Medicine Research at SBM

Nicole Bereolos, PhD, MPH

Jeffrey S. Gonzalez, PhD, Diabetes SIG Chair

The Diabetes SIG was initiated at last year's SBM meeting to attract members from multiple disciplines who are committed to the advancement of behavioral and psychological research in diabetes. Type 2 diabetes has reached epidemic proportions in most parts of the world and it is a public health priority to decrease its prevalence. Behavioral interventions aimed at reducing risk factors for diabetes such as obesity and sedentary lifestyle are urgently needed. Improving quality of life and disease outcomes for patients living with diabetes is also increasingly important and addressing behavioral factors is necessary to achieve these outcomes, including improving diabetes self-care and treatment adherence, reducing diabetes-related distress, and addressing common psychological problems such as depression, anxiety, and eating disorders. Behavioral medicine is uniquely situated to address these problems through interdisciplinary collaboration involving physicians, psychologists and other mental-health professionals, dietitians, public health specialists, nurses, health educators, and others. The Diabetes SIG seeks to foster collaboration across these disciplines and to support creative approaches to the prevention of type 2 diabetes and to improving outcomes for both type 1 and type 2 diabetes. As diabetes disproportionately affects children and adults from ethnic minority backgrounds and disadvantaged social classes, we are particularly interested in attracting investigators and clinicians with expertise in working with these populations.

The importance of behavioral medicine in the management of type 2 diabetes was on prominent display at SBM's 2009 Meeting where Dr. Wayne Katon presented a keynote address on depression and diabetes. Research has consistently shown that patients with diabetes are more likely to experience depression than the general population. Furthermore, the presence of depression is associated with poorer quality of life and increases in hyperglycemia (1), risk of complications (2), functional impairment (3), and risk of mortality (4). Depression is also consistently associated with poorer diabetes self-care (5), even at subclinical levels (6). Thus, there has been much interest in whether treatments for depression can also impact diabetes health behavior and treatment outcomes. However, most existing depression treatment trials have had modest effects on depression outcomes and have generally failed to positively impact diabetes self-care or glucose control (7). As investigators continue to search for more effective interventions, important questions remain. For example, it remains unclear whether the relationship between depression and worse diabetes outcomes is causal and, if so, which behavioral and/or biological mechanisms may explain the effect of depression on worse outcomes. Questions also remain as to why depression is more common in patients with diabetes. While it seems intuitive to expect that the experience of chronic illness would have a negative impact on mood states, recent epidemiological research has suggested that depression may precede and be an independent risk factor for the development of type 2 diabetes (8). This represents just one of many exciting opportunities for behavioral medicine research to make contributions to both the prevention of type 2 diabetes and the improvement of outcomes for all patients with diabetes. We hope that the Diabetes SIG will increase the visibility of behavioral medicine research that is relevant to diabetes and draw new investigators to tackling this important problem.

Nicole Bereolos, PhD, MPH
University of Texas School of Public Health, Dallas Regional Campus
Dallas, TX

Jeffrey S. Gonzalez, PhD
Ferkauf Graduate School of Psychology and Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Yeshiva University, Bronx, NY


  1. Lustman PJ, Anderson RJ, Freedland KE, de Groot M, Carney RM, Clouse RE (2000). Depression and poor glycemic control: a meta-analytic review of the literature. Diabetes Care 23, 934-942.
  2. de Groot M, Anderson R, Freedland DE, Clouse RE, Lustman PJ (2001). Association of depression and diabetes complications: a meta-analysis. Psychosomatic Medicine, 63, 619-620.
  3. Egede LE (2004). Diabetes, major depression, and functional disability among U.S. adults. Diabetes Care, 27, 421-428.
  4. Katon WJ, Rutter C, Simon G, Lin EHB, Ludman E, Ciechanowski P, Kinder L, Young B, and Von Korff M (2005). The association of comorbid depression with mortality in patients with type 2 diabetes. Diabetes Care, 28, 2668-2672.
  5. Gonzalez JS, Peyrot M, McCarl L, Collins EM, Serpa L, Mimiaga M, Safren SA (2008). Depression and diabetes treatment nonadherence: a meta-analysis. Diabetes Care, 31, 2398-2403.
  6. Gonzalez JS, Safren SA, Cagliero E, Wexler DJ, Wittenberg E, Delahanty L, Blais MA, Meigs JB, Grant RW (2007). Depression, self-care, and medication adherence in type 2 diabetes: relationships across the full range of symptom severity. Diabetes Care, 30, 2222-2227.
  7. Markowitz S, Gonzalez JS, Wilkinson J, Safren SA (In Press). A review of treating depression in diabetes: emerging findings. Psychosomatics.
  8. Mezuk B, Albrecht S, Eaton W, Golden SH (2008). Depression and type 2 diabetes over the lifespan: a meta-analysis. Diabetes Care, 31, 2383-2390.

Classified Advertising
Deadline and Rates

To advertise in the Winter 2009 edition of Outlook, please supply ad copy to the SBM National Office. Artwork, including company logos, will not be accepted. Please contact the National Office for additional information.

Holland LaFave, Project Manager
Society of Behavioral Medicine
555 East Wells Street, Suite 1100
Milwaukee, WI 53202-3823
Phone: (414) 918-3156
Fax: (414) 276-3349
E-mail: hlafave@sbm.org


Francis J. Keefe, PhD

Karen M. Emmons, PhD

Bonnie Spring, PhD, ABPP

Paul A. Estabrooks, PhD

Felicia Hill-Briggs, PhD, ABPP
Member Delegate

Lisa M. Klesges, PhD
Member Delegate

James F. Sallis, Jr., PhD
Member Delegate

Council Chairs
Laura S. Porter, PhD
Education, Training & Career Development Chair

Brent Van Dorsten, PhD
Membership Chair

Kenneth E. Freedland, PhD
Publications & Communications Chair

Sara Knight, PhD
Scientific & Professional Liaison Chair

Barbara Resnick, PhD, CRNP, FAAN, FAANP
Special Interest Groups Chair

Committee Chairs
Karen A. Matthews, PhD
Awards Chair

Suzanne M. Miller, PhD
Development Chair

David C. Mohr, PhD
Evidence-Based Behavioral Medicine Chair

Paul A. Estabrooks, PhD
Finance Chair

Prabhu Ponkshe, MA, LLB
Health Policy Chair

Bonnie Spring, PhD, ABPP
Nominating Chair

Michael A. Diefenbach, PhD
Program Chair

Gary G. Bennett, PhD
Program Co-Chair

Kathleen J. Goggin, PhD
Program Support Chair

Alan J. Christensen, PhD
Annals Editor

Cheryl L. Albright, PhD, MPH
Outlook Editor

Please send Outlook correspondence to:

Cheryl L. Albright, PhD, MPH
Editor, SBM Outlook
Phone: (808) 441-8189
E-mail: calbright@crch.hawaii.edu

Guidelines for Articles submitted to Outlook

1. Articles should be no longer than 500 words, plus up to 10 references.

2. Please submit only original articles, not articles that have been previously published in another organization’s newsletter or bulletin.

3. The Outlook editor may edit articles to fit the format of the newsletter, or defer articles to another issue based on space limitations. The submitting author(s) will be informed, prior to publication, and will be sent a copy of any edited article for approval or withdrawal.

4. Submitted articles may be reviewed by the Publications and Communications Committee Chair and, potentially, additional SBM Board members to determine appropriateness for publication and/or length.

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Editor: Cheryl L. Albright, PhD, MPH
Coordinating Editor: Amy Stone

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