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Newest Articles from Annals of Behavioral Medicine and Translational Behavioral Medicine

SBM's two journals, Annals of Behavioral Medicine and Translational Behavioral Medicine: Practice, Policy, Research (TBM), continuously publish articles online, many of which become available before issues are printed.

SBM members who have paid their 2013 membership dues are able to access the full text of all Annals and TBM articles via the SBM website by following the steps below.

  1. Go to the Members Only section of the SBM website: https://www.sbm.org/membership/members
  2. Log in with your username and password
  3. Click on the Journals link (listed fourth in the list of Member Benefits)
  4. Click on the title of the journal which you would like to electronically access

To check if you are a current member of SBM, or if you are having trouble accessing the journals online, please contact the national office at info@sbm.org or 414-918-3156.

The three most recently published Annals and TBM articles online are listed below.

Annals of Behavioral Medicine

The Effectiveness of Gain- Versus Loss-Framed Health Messages in Improving Oral Health in Iranian Secondary Schools: A Cluster-Randomized Controlled Trial
Authors: Amir H. Pakpour PhD, Mir Saeed Yekaninejad PhD, Falko F. Sniehotta PhD, John A. Updegraff PhD, Stephan U. Dombrowski PhD
Background: Adherence to oral self-care behaviors is low among adolescents.
Purpose: This study aims to examine effects of two message framing interventions on oral self-care behaviors and health among Iranian adolescents.
Methods: Cluster-randomized controlled trial, with four schools randomly assigned to receive gain-framed, loss-framed, or no messages. Brushing/flossing, attitudes, intentions, oral health related quality of life (OHRQOL), and clinical examinations were measured at baseline, two and twenty-four weeks. Data were analyzed using multilevel modeling.
Results: At 2 weeks, loss-frame participants reported higher brushing and flossing rates, and more favorable attitudes and intentions to brush, compared to the other groups. At 24 weeks, loss-frame participants showed better OHRQOL, gingival health and less dental plaque compared to the other groups. Attitudes and intentions mediated intervention effects for the loss-framed group.
Conclusions: Loss-framed messages were more effective than gain-framed messages in encouraging oral self-care behaviors among Iranian adolescents. These effects were mediated through attitudes and intentions. (clinicaltrials.gov number NCT01421108.)

The Psychosocial Context Impacts Medication Adherence After Acute Coronary Syndrome
Authors: Ian M. Kronish MD, MPH, Nina Rieckmann PhD, Matthew M. Burg PhD, Carmela Alcántara PhD, Karina W. Davidson PhD
Background: Depression is associated with poor adherence to medications and worse prognosis in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS).
Purpose: To determine whether cognitive, behavioral, and/or psychosocial vulnerabilities for depression explain the association between depression and medication adherence among ACS patients.
Methods: One hundred sixty-nine ACS patients who agreed to have their aspirin adherence measured using an electronic pill bottle for 3 months were enrolled within 1 week of hospitalization. Linear regression was used to determine whether depression vulnerabilities predicted aspirin adherence after adjustment for depressive symptoms, demographics, and comorbidity.
Results: Of the depression vulnerabilities, only role transitions (beta?=??3.32; P?=?0.02) and interpersonal conflict (beta -3.78; P?=?0.03) predicted poor adherence. Depression vulnerabilities did not mediate the association between depressive symptoms and medication adherence.
Conclusions: Key elements of the psychosocial context preceding the ACS including major role transitions and conflict with close contacts place ACS patients at increased risk for poor medication adherence independent of depressive symptoms.

Yoga and Psychophysiological Determinants of Cardiovascular Health: Comparing Yoga Practitioners, Runners, and Sedentary Individuals
Authors: Jillian R. Satin PhD, Wolfgang Linden PhD, Roanne D. Millman MA
Background: The evidence of cardiovascular benefits of yoga is promising, but lacks demonstrations of specificity compared to other interventions.
Purpose: The present cross-sectional study examined cardiovascular health markers in long-term practitioners of yoga (yogis), runners, and sedentary individuals.
Methods: We compared physiological, psychological, and lifestyle variables associated with cardiovascular health across groups.
Results: Yogis (n = 47) and runners (n = 46) showed favorable profiles compared to sedentary individuals (n = 52) on heart rate, heart rate variability, depression, perceived stress, and cigarette smoking. Runners and male yogis showed superior aerobic fitness compared to the sedentary group. Runners reported greater social support compared to other groups. Yogis demonstrated a lower respiration rate compared to sedentary individuals and were more likely to refrain from eating meat compared to other groups.
Conclusions: Yogis and runners demonstrated several cardiovascular health advantages over sedentary individuals. Our findings raise the possibility that yoga may improve aerobic fitness in men but not women.

Translational Behavioral Medicine

Can physical activity interventions for adults with type 2 diabetes be translated into practice settings? A systematic review using the RE-AIM framework
Authors: Lynsay Matthews MBChB MSc, Alison Kirk PhD, BSc Hnrs, Freya MacMillan BSc Hnrs, Nanette Mutrie PhD, CPsychol, FBASES
Despite the strong evidence base for the efficacy of physical activity in the management of type 2 diabetes, a limited number of physical activity interventions have been translated and evaluated in everyday practice. This systematic review aimed to report the findings of studies in which an intervention, containing physical activity promotion as a component, has been delivered within routine diabetes care. A comprehensive search was conducted for articles reporting process data relating to components of the RE-AIM (Reach, Effectiveness, Adoption, Implementation and/or Maintenance) framework. Twelve studies met the selection criteria. Of the nine studies which measured physical activity as an outcome, eight reported an increase in physical activity levels, five of which were significant. Tailoring recruitment, resources and intervention delivery to the target population played a positive role, in addition to the use of external organisations and staff training. Many interventions were of short duration and lacked long-term follow-up data. Findings revealed limited and inconsistent reporting of useful process data.

Assessing the value of a Small Grants Program for behavioral research in cancer control
Authors: Gina M Tesauro MSW, Yvette R Seger PhD, Leo DiJoseph BA, Joshua D Schnell PhD, William M P Klein PhD
In 1999, the National Cancer Institute (NCI) issued the first Small Grants Program (SGP) for Behavioral Research in Cancer Control (R03) funding opportunity announcement for investigators new to behavioral cancer prevention and control research. We explored whether the SGP was successful in its goals to encourage new investigators from a variety of disciplines to apply their skills to and promote career development in behavioral cancer prevention and control research. A quasi-experimental design examined applicant characteristics and outcome data by award status. Propensity score matching was used to compare awardees and non-awardees with similar impact scores as a control for application quality. Awardees were more likely than non-awardees to pursue and receive subsequent funding from the NCI and publish their research. Tailored small grant programs create benefit for both promoting and retaining new investigators.

News from the NIH: improving health and reducing premature mortality in people with serious mental illnesses
Authors: Susan T Azrin PhD, David A Chambers DPhil
People with serious mental illness1 (SMI), also sometimes referred to as "severe mental illness," die from the same causes as those in the general population, e.g., heart disease, diabetes, cancer, stroke, and pulmonary disease. However, these diseases are more common in people with SMI and lead to earlier death. For example, adults with psychotic disorders die, on average, 11 years earlier than adults with no mental disorder, most often from these co-morbid medical conditions. The modifiable health risk factors that contribute to these diseases-smoking, obesity, hypertension, metabolic disorder, low physical activity, substance use, poor fitness, and diet-are also more common and have an earlier onset in people with SMI.